NOTE: I’ll update the page below from time to time, but it is not complete. For a complete list, either see my Google Scholar page or my CV.

recent paper: Toscano, Schubert, Dotsch, Falvello, & Todorov (2016). Physical Strength as a Cue to Dominance: A Data-Driven Approach. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.



Our edited book on Spatial Dimensions of Social Thought (edited by me and Anne Maass) was published by Mouton de Gruyter – with chapters by Barbara Tversky; Julio Santiago, Antonio Román, & Marc Ouellet; Nira Liberman & Jens Förster; Simone Schnall; Anjan Chatterjee; Nuala Brady; Jyotsna Vaid; Sylvie Chokron, Seta Kazandjian, & Maria De Agostini; Caterina Suitner & Anne Maass; Chris McManus; Peter Hegarty & Anthony Lemieux, and myself, Sven Waldzus, & Beate Seibt.

Please email me to get a copy of these papers if no link is provided:


Toscano, H., Schubert, T. W., & Sell, A.N. (2014). Judgments of dominance from the face track physical strength. Evolutionary Psychology, 12, 1-18. Open access.


Ijzerman, H., Karremans, J., Thomsen, L., & Schubert, T. W. (2013). Caring for sharing: How attachment styles modulate communal cues of physical warmth. Social Psychology, 44, 160-166. DOI: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000142  download preprint

Schubert, L., Schubert, T. W., Topolinski, S. (2013). The effect of spatial elevation on respect depends on merit and medium. Social Psychology, 44, 147-159. DOI: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000134 download preprint

Schubert, T. W., D’Ausilio, A., & Canto, R. (2013). Using Arduino microcontroller boards to measure response latencies. Behavior Research Methods, 45, 1332–1346.doi: 10.3758/s13428-013-0336-z download preprint

Schubert, T.W., Murteira, C., Collins, E.C., Lopes, D. (2013). ScriptingRT: A software library for collecting response latencies in online studies of cognition. PLoS ONE 8: e67769. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0067769



Berthold, A., Mummendey, A., Kessler, T., Lücke, B., & Schubert, T. (2012). When different means bad or merely worse. How minimal and maximal goals affect ingroup projection and outgroup attitudes. European Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 1213-1224.

Regenbrecht, H., Hoermann, S., McGregor, G., Dixon, B., Franz, L., Ott, C. Hale, L., Schubert, T., & Hoermann, J. (2012). Visual manipulations for motor rehabilitation. Computers & Graphics, 36, 819 – 834.

Waldzus, S., Schubert, T. W., Paladino., M.-P. (2012). Are attitudes the problem, and do psychologists have the answer? Relational cognition underlies intergroup relations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35, 39-40. Doi 10.1017/S0140525X1200146X.

Zanolie, K., van Dantzig, S., Boot, I., Wijnen, J., Schubert, T. W., Giessner, S. R., Pecher, D.,  (2012). Mighty metaphors: Behavioral and ERP evidence that power shifts attention on a vertical dimension. Brain and Cognition, 78, 50-58.


Brito, R., Waldzus, S., Sekerdej, M., & Schubert, T. W. (2011). The contexts and structures of relating to others: How memberships in different types of groups shape the construction of interpersonal relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 28, 406-432, doi:10.1177/0265407510384420. (see also Corrigendum, Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 28, 575, doi:10.1177/0265407511410454)

Giessner, S. R., Ryan, M. K., Schubert, T. W., & van Quaquebeke, N. (2011). The power of pictures: Vertical picture angles in power pictures. Media Psychology, 14, 442–464. DOI: 10.1080/15213269.2011.620541.

Lakens, D., Schneider, I. K., Jostmann, N. B., & Schubert, T. W. (2011). Telling things apart: The distance between response keys influences categorization times. Psychological Science, 22, 887-890. DOI:10.1177/0956797611412391.

Mazzurega, M., Pavani, F., Paladino, M.-P., & Schubert, T. W. (2011). It is a matter of time: Self-other bodily merging in the context of synchronous but arbitrary related multisensory inputs. Experimental Brain Research, 213, 213-221. doi:10.1007/s00221-011-2744-6

Regenbrecht, H., McGregor, G., Ott, C., Hoermann, S., Schubert, T., Hale, L., Hoermann, J., Dixon, B., & Franz, E. (2011). Out of reach? – A novel AR interface approach for motor rehabilitation. Proceedings of The 10th IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2011), Oct. 26 – 29, 2011, Basel, Switzerland. (Note: A-rated conference, acceptance rate was 18.4%)

Quadflieg, S., Etzel, J.A., Gazzola, V., Keysers, C., Schubert, T. W., Waiter, G. D., & Macrae, C. N. (2011). Puddles, parties and professors: Linking word categorization to neural patterns of visuospatial coding. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 2636–2649.

Schubert, T. W., & Maass, A. (2012, Eds.). Spatial Dimensions of Social Thought. Mouton de Gruyter.

older papers: embodiment

Giessner, S. R., & Schubert, T. W. (2007). High in the hierarchy: How vertical location and judgments of leaders’ power are interrelated. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 104, 30-44. download

Häfner, M., & Schubert, T. (2009). Feel the difference! The influence of ease experiences on the direction of social comparisons. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 291-294. download

Jostmann, N. B., Lakens, D., & Schubert, T. W. (2009). Weight as an embodiment of importance. Psychological Science, 20, 1169-1174. download

Paladino, M.-P., Mazzurega, M., Pavani, F., & Schubert, T. W. (2010). Synchronous multisensory stimulation blurs self-other boundaries. Psychological Science, 21, 1202–1207. download

Schubert, T. (2004). The power in your hand: Gender differences in bodily feedback from making a fist. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 757-769. download

Schubert, T. & Häfner, M. (2003). Contrast from social stereotypes in automatic behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 39, 577-584. download

Schubert, T. W., & Koole, S. L. (2009). The embodied self: Making a fist enhances men’s power-related self-conceptions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 828 – 834. download

Schubert, T., & Otten, S. (2002). Overlap of self, ingroup, and outgroup: Pictorial measures of self-categorization. Self & Identity, 1, 535-576. download

Schubert, T. W., & Semin, G. R. (2009). Embodiment as a unifying perspective for psychology. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 1135–1141. download

Schubert, T. (2005). Your Highness: Vertical positions as perceptual symbols of power. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 1-21. download

Schubert, T. W., Waldzus, S., & Giessner, S. R. (2009). Control over the association of power and size. Social Cognition, 27, 1-19. download

Schubert, T. W., Waldzus, S., & Seibt, B. (2008). The embodiment of power and communalism in space and bodily contact. In G. R. Semin & E. R. Smith (Eds.), Embodied Grounding: Social, Cognitive, Affective, And Neuroscientific Approaches (pp. 160-183). New York: Cambridge University Press. download

virtual reality papers

Schubert, T. (2004). The sense of presence in virtual environments: A three-component scale measuring spatial presence, involvement, and realness. Zeitschrift für Medienpsychologie, 15, 69-71. download

Regenbrecht, H., & Schubert, T. (2002). Real and illusory interaction enhance presence in virtual environments. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 11, 425-434. download

Regenbrecht, H., Schubert, T., & Friedmann, F. (1998). Measuring the sense of presence and its relations to fear of heights in virtual environments. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 10, 233-250. download

Schubert, T., Friedmann, F., & Regenbrecht, H. (2001). The experience of presence: Factor analytic insights. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 10, 266-281. download

Schubert, T., & Regenbrecht, H. (2002). Wer hat Angst vor virtueller Realität? Phobie, Therapie und Präsenz in virtuellen Welten [Who is afraid of virtual reality? Phobia, therapy and presence and virtual worlds]. In Bente, G. (Hrsg.), Virtuelle Realitäten [Virtual Realities], pp. 255-274. Göttingen: Hogrefe. download

Schubert, T. W. (2009). A new conceptualization of spatial presence: Once again, with feeling. Communication Theory, 19, 161-187. download

group processes general

Fritsche, I. & Schubert, T. W. (2009). Go to hell! Determinants of motivated social exclusion. In S. Otten, T. Kessler, & K. Sassenberg (Eds.), Intergroup relations: The role of motivation and emotion (pp. 221-239). New York: Psychology Press.

Kessler, T., Neumann, J., Mummendey, A., Berthold, A., Schubert, T. W., Waldzus, S. (2010). How do we assign punishment? The impact of minimal and maximal standards on the evaluation of deviants. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 1213-1224.